Unani is an ancient form of traditional medicine which has been used to treat a number of diseases for last thousands of years. It refers to a tradition of Greco-Arabic medicine, which is based on the teachings of Greek physician Hippocrates (460-377 BC), and Roman physician Galen, and developed in to an elaborate medical System by Arab and Persian physicians.
- The fundamental theory of the Unani System of medicine is based upon:
- The four elements: earth, air, water, and fire.
- The four natures: cold, hot, wet, and dry.
- The four humors: Dam-Blood (which is hot/wet), Balgham-Phlegm (cold/wet), Safra-Yellow bile (hot/dry), and Sauda-Black bile (cold/dry).
The unique feature of the Unani system of medicine to get the diagnosis of a disease through Nabz (Pulse), arrhythmic expansion of arteries which is felt by fingers. It takes help of other methods of diagnosis include examination of Baul (Urine), Baraz (Stool) etc.